Khadi evokes a sense of Nationalism, Peace, and Simplicity among Indians as it is closely associated with India’s freedom movement led by Mahatma Gandhi. Khadi stands for Indian culture and represents a way of life as well as a model for economic development of Indian villages. Khadi fabrics are woven on handloom from cotton, silk, and woollen yarn, which are hand spun. It is natural and durable and is ideal to wear in the tropical Indian climate as it provides cool comfort. They are friendly to the body and don’t cause any allergies or irritations. The production of Khadi fabric is a labour intensive process as all the processes are done manually. The yarn is produced from the natural cotton by conventional methods using charka.
The pure cotton collected from cotton farms are first ginned and made into rolls of bales of 160-175 kgs. These bales are then converted into rowing. The Rowing thus obtained are distributed to different spinning units. In the spinning units, the cotton fibre is converted into yarns manually by using charkas. The yarns are then woven into fabrics using handlooms. These fabrics are sold and are also used for making garments.
The dedicated effort of many rural men and women goes in the making of Khadi. It is widely preferred by young and old alike and has recently become a new fashion statement in the sub-continent. Besides being comfortable and eco-friendly, Khadi fabrics are elegant and come in various attractive designs. Khadi occupies a pre-eminent position among the fabric industries in the country. Today in textile sector the main sub-sectors are Khadi and textile mills.
Khadi and Village Industries Board keeping with its mission to uplift the rural poor, provides financial assistance for establishing Village Industries. These Village Industries make use of the locally available raw materials and help to build up a strong rural economy in terms of money and wealth. The products of the Village Industries are sold in different part of the state. The financial assistance extended to the people by the Board is as per the approved norms of KVIC. Village Industry has been clearly defined by the Board as those units which provide employment to a person for every 1,00000 Rupees of investment, and those that are established in villages. However, service industries like laundry, road side shops, barber shops etc can be based in the urban areas. Some of trades/ industries that can be taken under this are, Fruit & Vegetable Processing, Drinking water Technology, Engineering Industries Technology, Information Technology etc.
The Board offers several financial schemes that provides best employment opportunities to the villagers. The schemes are intended to help the rural communities to set up industrial units with minimum investment and yielding good returns. The Board restricts its assistance to only those products which are healthy and eco-friendly. Over the years the Board has assisted many village industrial units that provide innumerable employment opportunities to the villagers.
The Pattern Assistance Scheme, The Consortium Bank Credit Scheme, Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP), Margin Money Scheme and, the Board offers have resulted in the setting up of many successful industrial units in the state. At present, Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) is the main scheme under which the Haryana Khadi & Village Industries Board is assisting youth in rural areas to set up village industries for employment generation.
Today, Haryana Khadi & Village Industries Board is the leading organization in the promotion and popularization of Khadi as well as in promotion of both traditional and modern industries in Haryana.
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